FORMATION OF “SCIENCES”


“Sciences” usually become “sciences” through human diverse, sporadic, indefinite, and indeterminable events; sporadic individual processes, sporadic collective processes, widespread isolated processes, individual or collective competitive works, or widespread high-ego “scientific” activities.

Formation of the existing “Sciences” are influenced or caused by the following factors:

  1. Individual life, personal, famili-al, moral, spiritual, cultural, philosophical, intellectual, affectional, volitional, trauma, capabilities, talents, interests, education, learning, life events, life experiences, life mission, and life journey Background
  2. Individual intellectual works or processes
  3. Individual and Social Scientific History: scientific events, situations, conditions, activities, experiences, processes, changes, interactions, meetings, communications, collaborations, development, failures, successes, problems and challenges, verification, validation, improvement, transformation; individual manipulation on sciences, political manipulation or exploitation on sciences
  4. Social Factors: Influential Persons, Family, Schools, Communities, Institutions, Organizations, Societies, and Nation
  5. Natural or Geographical Factors: e.g.  One became a seismology scientist because her or his country is located above “Mediterranean Ring of Fire” with frequent earthquakes
  6. Technological Support System for developing Sciences
  7. Evaluation, Investigation, Verification, Improvement, Analysis, Synthesis, Reflection on Sciences
  8. Economical Factors: amount of funding, etc.

All of those factors above can cause the birth of new disciplines such as:

History of Science, Science of History, Philosophies of Science (Reductionism of Sciences, Deconstructionism of Science, etc.), Psychology of Science, Sociology of Science, Science of Science, Theology of Science, Management of Science, Administration of Science, Spirituality of Science, Morality of Science, Ethics of Science, Anthropology of Science, Economics of Science, Business of Science, Politics of Science, Engineering of Science, Reverse Engineering of Science, Epistemology of Science, Formal Logic of Science(s),  Methodology of Science, Literature of Science, Linguistics of Science, System of Science, etc.